This edition of Edge features an article by Christopher Badcock, about the imprinted gene theory of Autism Spectrum disorders and the psychotic spectrum disorders that he has been developing with Crespi.  It is a must read and has been very nicely done.

He goes on to list the differences between autism and psychosis in a tabular form and then extends this to list the differences between mentalistic and mechansitic cognitions.

Autism/Asperger’s syndromePsychosis/Paranoid schizophrenia
gaze-monitoring deficitsdelusions of being watched/spied on
apparent deafness/insensitivity to voiceshallucination of and hyper-sensitivity to voices
deficits in interpreting others’ intentionserotomania/delusions of persecution
deficits in appreciating shared-attention/groups…