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The influence of domestic violence on the development of the attachment relationship between mother and young child.

This paper uses a case study from a longitudinal research project to illustrate the influence of domestic violence on the developing attachment relationship between mother and child that begins during pregnancy. The case study illustrates particular mechanisms involved in damaging the mother–child relationship in the context of domestic violence, including maternal projection, projective identification, as well as emotional dysregulation and dissociation. The paper includes quotes from the Working Model of the Child interviews (Zeanah & Benoit, 1995) conducted with the mother during pregnancy and at the child’s 1st birthday as well as descriptions of observed mother–child interactions and Strange Situation paradigms (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) at ages 1 and 4. The traject…

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Latest NewsPsychotherapyTreatment

Reducing violence and prejudice in a Jamaican all age school using attachment and mentalization theory.

A study is reported of a psychoanalytic intervention in a very violent and prejudiced Jamaican school with disenfranchised children 7–9 grades who had failed academic streaming examinations. Over the period of 3 years of the intervention using mentalization and power issues approaches grounded in attachment theory, children were assisted to feel connected and valued by their school. There were striking improvements in academic performance, decreased victimization, and increased helpfulness especially in boys including significant trickle down effects to grades 1–6. Overall, the school became a place teachers wanted to join and the Jamaican government recognized their success and built a new school for them in a better location. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserve…

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Latest NewsSomatic DisordersSomatization Disorder

Inference‐Based Therapy for Body Dysmorphic Disorder

AbstractBody dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder characterized by an excessive pre‐occupation with an imagined or very slight defect in one’s physical appearance. Despite the overall success of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in treating BDD, some people do not seem to benefit as much from this approach. Those with high overvalued ideation (OVI), for instance, have been shown to not respond well with CBT. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an inference‐based therapy (IBT) in treating BDD. IBT is a cognitive intervention that was first developed for obsessive–compulsive disorder with high OVI, but whose focus on beliefs can also apply to a BDD population. IBT conceptualizes BDD obsessions (e.g., ‘I feel like my head is deformed’) as idio…

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